Process: An inspector collects data on a property; this is done through visual observation, inspector measurements via equipment, and general survey of property. This is a non-invasive process.
Product: A meaningful, thorough, and extensive report about the condition, attributes, and defects of the property should be the end result.
Purpose: To identify visible defects and/or conditions of a property, as well as the function and/or integrity of items, components, and systems of said property. Identifying safety items is also paramount to a home inspector.